Baikal: the world's deepest lake


General Information about Baikal

• Lake Baikal is located in the south of Eastern Siberia, in the Buryat Autonomous Republic and the Region of Irkutsk, Russia.
• It covers 31,500 sq. km and is 636 km. long, an average of 48 km wide, and 79.4 km at its widest point.
• Its water basin occupies about 557,000 sq. km. and contains about 23,000 cu. km. of water, that is, about one fifth of the world's reserves of fresh surface-water and over 80 per cent of the fresh water in the former Soviet Union.
• The average water level in the lake is never
World's biggest lakes.
higher than 456 m.
• The Baikal is the deepest lake in the world.
• Its average depth is 730 m. and its maximum depth in the middle - 1,620 m.

Interesting facts

Lake Baikal's beauty is exceptional, and so is the beauty of the area surrounding it.

Scientists are still debating the lake's origin. Some are trying to prove that it emerged as a result of tectonic processes of orogenesis, while others consider it as having been formed as a result of the earth's crust gradually subsiding. So far nobody has been proved right.

It would take all the rivers of the world - Volga, Don, Dneper and Yenisei, Ural and Ob, Ganges and Orinoko, Amazon and

Tectonic mapof the area.
Thames, Seine and Oder - nearly one year to fill lake Baikal's basin. It would take four hundred years for all the rivers, streams and brooks now flowing into the Siberian lake-sea to perform the task.

The Baikal area is a veritable treasure trove of mineral resources. Sables thrive in the region's taiga; valuable fur animals live in the surrounding mountains and valleys; and birds and fish abound in the forests and rivers of the area. The nearby Dauro-Mongolian steppes are very fertile. There are hot springs in the vicinity of Lake Baikal, the water of which is of excellent quality. The lake acts as a powerful generator and biofilter producing this water.

Compared to the surrounding area, winter is milder and summer cooler on Lake Baikal. The average air temperature is about -19 C in January and February and about +11 C in August. The surface-water temperature on the open part of the lake in August is +9 to 12 C, and near the shore it is sometimes as high as +20 C.

Lake Baikal usually freezes in January and the ice breaks in May. The ice is 70-115 cm. thick. The average annual

Water temperature in  Lake Baikal.

Water temperature in Lake Baikal.

precipitation in the middle and the north of Baikal is 200-350 mm.; it is 500-900 mm. in the south.

General information
Getting there







Lake Baikal classic
Magical Olkhon
Baikal mix 3 in 1
Hot breathing of Sayan mountains
Experience in Orkho-Bom canyon






Crater of the Gorely volcano with the lake in it

Buryat Idols

Wild Russia / Neizvedanny Mir Company
Saint Petersburg, Fontanka embankment, 59

+7 812 703-3215

+7 812 703-3216

+7 812 703-3249